Children and TV
It is no surprise: our kids watch a lot, much TV! According to a study by the Médiamétrie Institute, 4-10-year-olds absorb images for 131 minutes a day … and they do not look only children programs. What to think about it? What to do?
The TV … More knowledge than we think …
Mine of nothing, the TV is not that stunning. It brings to the children a wealth of knowledge and information … which it is sometimes difficult to sort out. According to May Chailley, lecturer in educational sciences, “the little ones learn vocabulary words, discover the scientific world, geography, cultural differences.” The problem is that our children do not just watch these programs (they love them), but they absorb many other things, with their parents, their elder brothers, and sisters, at the nanny’s house … Moreover, This is where the problem arises. We are not attentive enough to this passive visualization.
The Stress of TV
The famous pediatrician, T. Berry Brazelton described what he calls the “stress of television” in children. The mere fact of visualizing images puts the child in a state of particular tension, all the greater as he is young. The child, in front of the screen, mobilizes all his capacity for attention. “His body is passive but tense; his cardiovascular system is at its maximum activity; The muscular tension shows a child stressed and not a relaxed child … It is necessary to question the price that television represents for small children between one year and four years. At this age, the ability to endure intense experiences is limited. Paradoxically, this tension is accompanied by inactivity, harmful for children. Moreover, it is even worse when this passivity is accompanied by nibbling. The conditions are there to make a child of average weight a small obese.
The images are impressive for the children, in the real sense of the word: they leave a trace in the psyche of the children. This is true for “good” images, but it is more so for violent images, against which a child can not defend himself: he is invaded by them, without any means, neither cultural nor psychic, ‘analyze. There are two consequences of this invasion: fear, with its train of nightmares, unreasonable fears and, indirectly, behavioral difficulties: aggressiveness, reproduction of the gestures seen on the screen. To persuade you of the merits of these observations, it is enough to spy the reactions of his child before the TV: a program noisy, agitated? You can expect excitement as soon as you turn off the station.
No TV before two or three years
The pediatricians are unanimous: no TV before 3-4 years. The famous stress is too important and images too invasive for small to nervous system still immature. So avoid putting your baby in his seat in front of the TV, time for you to prepare the meal.
After this age, the time in front of the TV must be imperatively limited: not more than 30 minutes up to 5 years, then not more than an hour. This time of TV must be accompanied by the parents. Sit in the chair with your daughter or son, choose the program and stay with him/her, to allow him/her to comment, ask questions, answer and explain. This “active” attitude towards the images allows the child to step back from them, To acquire critical habits (the images are no longer received “rough apple”), in short, to structure. Explain, show the details that allow the little ones to decipher: for example, explain how cartoons are made, break down the effects, talk about television studios. In short, in this area, help him not to believe in fairy tales … The TV is not magic.
At what moment ?
No fixed time, which would amount to making an appointment, quickly considered an obligation. To avoid chat or cry, propose another activity at the time of the program and do not talk about it!
In any case, no TV in the morning, the time of day when children are most receptive! Prefer late afternoon, and most importantly, not too late!
Be clear with your children: state the rules of the game and be firm. When the time is past, we are out! A big whim? Not serious. Stay intractable: the next time there will be no recriminations.
What to think of the TV from 2 years?
The answer of the expert Maman, Claude LAYET Everything
is finally about common sense: the days have 24 hours. At 2 years, a child needs 13 to 14 hours of sleep. Then, he needs the time spent on the 4 meals, the toilet, the games, the relaxation, the transport for the nursery . He needs frequent contact with his mother, but also with other family members. If he has a little time left, he can watch television for a while, but if it is not to the detriment of larger family events and knowing that children have a very short attention to the same thing. This is important for his “socialization”.