Teens: acne is not a fatality
This inflammatory and chronic disease is very common in teenagers. Often poorly lived, it must be taken care of quickly to improve the comfort of life and avoid scarring.
Acne in the Teen: Inventory
3 out of 4 teenagers have acne prone skin. In recent years, the management of acne patients has declined (34% less diagnosis since 2004). However, acne is not a fatality and treatments help to overcome it. The first cause of consultation of the dermatologists, acne represents a third of their prescriptions. Moreover, in one case out of two, it is a teenager who comes to consult.
There are the minimal acne or light (half the time), acne moderate (31%) or severe (18% of cases). However, the psychological impact of acne is not proportional to some pimples. In a period of questioning and fragility, the occurrence of these imperfections on the face is always poorly experienced by the teenagers.
“To minimize physical traces (scars) and improve the quality of life, the management must be done quickly,” explains Dr. Beaulieu, dermatologist.
Acne: what treatments?
Adolescents must first push the doors of pharmacies. They may be offered dermo-cosmetic treatment if their acne is mild (in the majority of cases). Teens with oily skin can turn to products with antiseborrheic action, to prevent acne. Other cosmetic accompanying products are available to facilitate treatments and minimize side effects. Finally, non-comedogenic make-up products, of the ” stop button ” type and sunscreens are also useful for combating acne.
Then the general practitioner, who must dedramatize the situation, takes the seriousness of the adolescent’s discomfort. He will draw attention to the mistakes frequently made by the younger ones: piercing the buttons, applying irritants … Finally, he must convince the patient to take care of himself (only 30 to 40% of the teens observe their treatment well). Teens, especially boys, do not like to apply products on their faces, yet it is the continuity of the treatment that is a guarantee of effectiveness.
The dermatologist, finally, will take care of patients with moderate or severe acne. To overcome the invaders, a second approach is proposed. The drug treatment with antiseptics or antibiotics (topically or systemically) refers to bacteria. In parallel, the retinoids act on sebum secretions. To this are added daily treatments dermo-cosmetics daily, for irreproachable hygiene.
The proper observance of treatment is paramount, even if the effects are not always immediate. Moreover, beware of the “rebound” effect: acne which decreases for example under the effect of the sun in summer and which resumes more beautiful at the re-entry. “It is important not to interrupt the treatment on sunny days and to apply the total shade at the first rays of the sun” insists the dermatologist.
The psychological impact of acne
In this period of questioning and fragility that is adolescence, the appearance of pimples on the face or in the neck is poorly lived. If the impact of acne on the quality of life is important, it remains variable from one individual to another, and not proportional to the quantity of pimples (minimization or, on the contrary, a dramatization of the situation).
The impact of acne on everyday life is often necessary: the teenager falls back on himself, he is ashamed, he sees acne as a blemish … If acne is a difficult disease to accept, It is even more difficult for them to talk about it. It is, therefore, important for parents to locate these delinquent teens quickly so that they can be treated quickly. Especially since the improvement of the psychological state is almost immediate when the treatment has begun. On the other hand, the earlier the treatment begins, the greater the risk of long-term traces (scars).
No solution for hormonal forms
Young women with hormonal acne (rhythmic in their cycles) and stabilized by Diane35 ® are at an impasse.
Dr. Beaulieu confirms this: “The suspension of this drug is problematic for these women because there are no molecules of replacement.” They will, therefore, turn to the classic duo: antibiotics and ca